JR's Rule on Passenger Tickets


JR's rule on passenger tickets necessary for a railway journey is formulated as Ryokaku Eigyou Kisoku (譌・ョ「蝟カ讌ュ隕丞援), or Passenger Service Rule (Rule), which represents the terms and conditions of a carriage contract, and as Ryokaku Eigyou Toriatsukai Kijun Kitei (譌・ョ「蝟カ讌ュ蜿匁桶蝓コ貅冶ヲ丞ョ or Passenger Service Handling Standard (Standard) as an internal rule of JR. They are common for all six JR passenger companies. The Rule in Japanese is provided at the web sites of JR East, JR Central, JR West, JR Kyushuand JR Hokkaido and books containing both the Rule and Standard are published.

No English translation of the Rule is available and the information on the ticket rule in English is limited to the very concise one such as provided at a JR East web page. This page is intended to provide more information based on my understanding of the Rule and the Standard. Please note that the English terms used in this page are my trial translation. Article number refers to Article of the Rule, unless otherwise mentioned.

Though the Rule is very complicated and you can get exact fares at such web sites as Japanese Traffic Guide and Hyperdia Timetable, it is useful to study the Rule for traveling by rail in Japan.

The author is interested in equivalent rules of any nation-wide railway companies in the world. Any information or indication of Internet web sources would be greatly appreciated.


Contents

Types of Tickets and Fares
    Tickets Required for a Train Travel
General Rules for Ordinary Ticket
    Conditions to Issue
    Fare Calculation
    Validity of Ticket
Special Rules for Ordinary Ticket
    Shinkansen and Zairaisen
    Tokutei-kukan (Special Sections)
    Tokyo Big Loop
    Stations in Specific City Zones and in Yamanote Zone
    Osaka and Shin-Osaka Stations
    Kitashinchi Station
    Daitoshi Kinko Kukan (Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka or Niigata Suburban Area)
    Sentaku-Josha Kukan (Taking an alternative route)
    Blanching Stations (Riding a train on non-ticketed route)
Express Ticket
    Type of Express Ticket
    Validity of Express Ticket
Other Tickets
    Green Car Ticket
    Berth Ticket
    Reservation Ticket
Change and Refund of Tickets


Types of Tickets and Fares

The Rule provides the type of tickets (Article 18) and the the type of fares (shown in italic font) corresponding to the tickets type (Article 65) as shown in the table below. The table does not show those related to busses (at this moment there are no bus services directly operated by JR Companies).

Josha-ken-rui 荵苓サ雁虻鬘lt;/font> (Tickets)/ Ryokaku Unchain Ryokin 譌・ョ「驕玖ウ・侭驥lt;/font> (Basic Fare and Supplemental Charge)
(1) Josha-ken 荵苓サ雁虻 (Basic Fare Ticket)/ Ryokaku Unchain 譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Basic Fare)
A. Futsu Josha-ken 譎ョ騾壻ケ苓サ雁虻 (Ordinary Ticket)/ Foots Ryokaku Unchin 譎ョ騾壽羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Ordinary Ticket Basic Fare) Katamichi Josha-ken 迚・%荵苓サ雁虻 (One-way Ticket)/ Katamichi Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 迚・%譎ョ騾壽羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (One Way Basic Fare)
Ofuku Josha-ken 蠕セゥ荵苓サ雁虻 (Round-trip Ticket)/ Ofuku Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 蠕セゥ譎ョ騾壽羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Round Trip Basic Fare)
Renzoku Josha-ken 騾」邯壻ケ苓サ雁虻 (Consecutive Ticket)/ Renzoku Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 騾」邯壽勸騾壽羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Consecutive Basic Fare)
B. Teiki Josha-ken 螳壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Seasonal Ticket)/ Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 螳壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Seasonal Basic Fare) Tsuukin Teiki Josha-ken 騾壼共螳壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Commuting Seasonal Ticket)/ Tsukin Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 騾壼共螳壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Commuting Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tsuugaku Teiki Josha-ken 騾壼ュヲ螳壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Schooling Seasonal Ticket)/ Tsuugaku Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 騾壼ュヲ螳壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Schooling Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tokushu Teiki Josha-ken 迚ケ谿雁ョ壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Special Season Ticket)/ Tokushu Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 迚ケ谿雁ョ壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Special Seasonal Basic Fare) Tokubetsu Sharyo Teiki Josha-ken 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。螳壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Green Car Seasonal Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。螳壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Green Car Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tokushu Kin'itsu Teiki Josha-ken 迚ケ谿雁插荳ョ壽悄荵苓サ雁虻 (Special Uniform Fare Season Ticket)/ Tokushu Kin'itsu Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 迚ケ谿雁插荳ョ壽悄譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Special Uniform Seasonal Basic Fare)
C. Kaisuu Josha-ken 蝗樊焚荵苓サ雁虻 (Multiple Ticket)/ Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 蝗樊焚譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Multiple Basic Fare) Fustsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 譎ョ騾壼屓謨ー荵苓サ雁虻 (Ordinary Multiple Ticket)/ Futsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 譎ョ騾壼屓謨ー譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Ordinary Multiple Ticket Basic Fare) Ippan Fustsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 荳握譎ョ騾壼屓謨ー荵苓サ雁虻 (General Ordinary Multiple Ticket)/ Ippan Futsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 荳握譎ョ騾壼屓謨ー譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (General Ordinary Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
Tokubetsu Sharyo Kaisuu Josha-ken 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蝗樊焚荵苓サ雁虻 (Green Car Multiple Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin (Green Car Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
Kin'itsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 蝮・ク屓謨ー荵苓サ雁虻 (Uniform Fare Multiple Ticket)/ Kin'itsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 蝮・ク屓謨ー譌・ョ「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Uniform  Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
D. Dantai Josha-ken 蝗」菴謎ケ苓サ雁虻 (Group Ticket)/ Dantai Ryokaku Unchin 蝗」菴捺羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Group Basic Fare)
E. Kashikiri Josha-ken 雋ク蛻・ケ苓サ雁虻 (Chartered Train Ticket)/ Kashikiri Ryokaku Unchin 雋ク蛻・羅螳「驕玖ウlt;/font> (Chartered Train Basic Fare)

(2) Kyuko-ken 諤・陦悟虻 (Express Ticket)/ Kyuko Ryokin 諤・陦梧侭驥lt;/font> (Supplemental Charge for Express)
Tokubetsu Kyuko-ken 迚ケ蛻・諤・陦悟虻 (Limited Express Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Kyuko Ryokin 迚ケ蛻・諤・陦梧侭驥lt;/font> (Supplemental Charge for Limited Express) Shitei-seki Tokkyu-ken 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ諤・蛻ク (Reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket) / Tokubetsu Tokkyu Ryokin 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ諤・譁咎≡ (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Reserved Seat)
Tachiseki Tokkyu-ken 遶句クュ迚ケ諤・蛻ク (Standing Seat Limited Express Ticket) / Tachiseki Tokkyu Ryokin 遶句クュ迚ケ諤・譁咎≡ (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Standing Seat )
Jiyu-seki Tokkyu-ken 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ諤・蛻ク (Non-reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket)/ Jiyu-seki Tokkyu Ryokin 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ諤・譁咎≡ (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Non-reserved Seat)
Tokutei Tokkyu-ken 迚ケ螳夂音諤・蛻ク (Special Limited Express Ticket)/ Tokutei Tokkyu Ryokin 迚ケ螳夂音諤・譁咎≡ (Special Limited Express Supplemental Charge)
Fustsu Kyuko-ken 譎ョ騾壽陦悟虻 (Ordinary Express Ticket)/ Futsu Kyuko Ryokin 譎ョ騾壽陦梧侭驥lt;/font> (Ordinary Express Supplemental Charge)

(3) Tokubetsu Sharyo-ken 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻ク(Green Car Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡(Green Car Supplemental Charge)
Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻クA (Green Car Ticket A)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A) Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻クA (Reserved Green Car Ticket A)/ Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A)
Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻クA (Non-reserved Green Car Ticket A)/ Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A)
Tokubetsu Sharyo-ken 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻クB (Green Car Ticket B)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B) Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻クB (Reserved Green Car Ticket B)/ Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 謖・ョ壼クュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B)
Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。蛻ク B (Non-reserved Green Car Ticket B)/ Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 閾ェ逕ア蟶ュ迚ケ蛻・霆贋ク。譁咎≡B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B)

(4) Shindai-ken 蟇晏床蛻ク(Berth Ticket)/ Shindai Ryokin 蟇晏床譁咎≡ (Berth Charge)
"A" Shindai-ken A蟇晏床蛻ク (A-type Berth Ticket)/ "A" Shindai Ryokin A蟇晏床譁咎≡ (A-Type Berth Charge)
"B" Shindai-ken B蟇晏床蛻ク (B-type Berth Ticket)/ "B" Shindai Ryokin B蟇晏床譁咎≡ (B-Type Berth Charge)

(5) Compartment-ken 繧ウ繝ウ繝代・繝医Γ繝ウ繝亥虻(Compartment Ticket)/ Compartment Ryokin 繧ウ繝ウ繝代・繝医Γ繝ウ繝域侭驥lt;/font> (Compartment Charge)

(6) Zaseki Shitei-ken 蠎ァ蟶ュ謖・ョ壼虻(Reservation Ticket)/ Zaseki Shitei Ryokin 蠎ァ蟶ュ謖・ョ壽侭驥lt;/font> (Reservation Charge)

In addition to these normal tickets, discount tickets and free passes are available, which are sold under different rules from Passenger Service Rule.

Tickets Required for a Train Travel

Josha-ken or Basic Fare Ticket is required for all train travels. In addition, one or more of supplemental charge tickets listed above from (2) through (6) are needed as shown below according to the train type and the car accommodation used.
Trains Car
Ordinary Car Green Car Berth Car
Reserved Sheet Non-reserved Sheet Reserved Sheet Non-reserved Sheet A-type Berth B-type Berth
Limited Express
(incl. Shinkansen)
Reserved Limited Express Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + Reserved Green Car Ticket A NA Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + A-type Berth Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + B-type Berth Ticket
Ordinary Express Ordinary Express Ticket + Reservation Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket + Reserved Green Car Ticket A Ordinary Express Ticket + Non-reserved Green Car Ticket A Ordinary Express Ticket + A-type Berth Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket + B-type Berth Ticket
Rapid/Local Reservation Ticket No (Basic Fare Ticket only) * Reserved Green Car Ticket B Non-reserved Green Car Ticket B NA NA
* Some trains require special tickets such as Liner Tickets.


General Rules for Ordinary Ticket

This section provides the general rules relating to issuance, fare calculation and validity of the Ordinary Ticket while some rules apply to other tickets.

Conditions to Issue

The Rule provides in Article 26 the conditions to issue the Ordinary Ticket, i.e. One-way Ticket, Round-trip Ticket and Consecutive Ticket. This is a very important rule to remember.

A One-way Ticket is issued for a journey on a "continuous route" drawn with one stroke without duplication of the route, irrespective of the length or shape of the route. The continuous route for a One-way Ticket terminates when it reaches the station which has been already visited in the same journey. Thus, three types of the route as illustrated below are eligible for a One-way Ticket.

One-way Ticket cannot be issued for the following routes though they are drawn with one stroke. A Round-trip Ticket is issued for a return journey with the same route for which One-way Ticket can be issued. Thus, a Round-trip Ticket can be issued for 1 and 0 letter routes, but not for a 6-letter route where the return route is a 9-letter route.

A Consecutive Ticket is issued for a route where One-way Ticket or Round-trip Ticket cannot be issued. It consists of two sections each of which must be eligible for a One-way Ticket route. Thus, 8, 9 or T -letter route can be  traveled with a Consecutive Ticket.

Fare Calculation

Principle: The basic fare of the Ordinary Ticket and the supplemental charges are in principle calculated according to the route actually followed in a journey (Article 67).

In calculation of the basic fare, length of the route in terms of Eigyo-kilo 蝟カ讌ュ繧ュ繝ュ (operation km), Gisei-kilo 謫ャ蛻カ繧ュ繝ュ (fictious or dummy km) or Unchin-keisan-kilo 驕玖ウ・ィ育ョ励く繝ュ (fare calculation km) is aggregated as far as the route is continuous in the same direction within the network of JR Companies until reaching the station which has been already visited in the same journey. If the route includes midway those lines of other operators than JR Companies that have a Tsuka Renraku Un'yu (passing connection transport) contract with a JR Company, the operating km or fare calculation km of  JR's sections before and after such Tsuuka Renraku Un'yu lines are summed up. This principle applies to some supplemental charges which are calculated based on Eigyo-kilo.

Fare Rates: The basic fare is calculated according to the fare rates established by JR Companies (three mainland companies - JR East, JR Central and JR West, and each of JR Hokkaido, JR Shikoku and JR Kyushu) for Kansen 蟷ケ邱lt;/font>(Main lines) and Chiho-Kotsu-sen 蝨ー譁ケ莠、騾夂キlt;/font> (Local lines). A reduced fare rate is applied for Densha-Tokutei-Kukan 髮サ霆顔音螳壼玄髢lt;/font> (Urban Specific Zone) and for Yamanote and Osaka Loop Zones, both of which are located in central Tokyo and Osaka metropolitan areas.

Eigyo-kilo, which in principle corresponds to the actual length of the route (except Shinkansen), is used for fare calculation of main lines of all six passenger companies and local lines of  JR East, JR Central, JR West and JR Hokkaido. Gisei-kilo, in which Eigyo-kilo is adjusted according to the difference in fare rates between main and local lines, is used for fare calculation of local lines of JR Shikoku and JR Kyushu. Unchin-keisan-kilo is used in case of the route of a ticket encompasses both main and local lines and is a sum of Eigyo-kilo of  main lines and Gisei-kilo or Kansan-kilo 謠帷ョ励く繝ュ(converted km) of local lines. Kansan-kilo is simillar to Gisei-kilo and is used by JR East, JR Central, JR West and JR Hokkaido only as a part of Unchin-keisan-kilo.

Fare Tables: You can get the basic fare for a journey you are going to make by first calculating Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of the route between the starting and terminating stations and then refering to the applicable fare table which shows the fare for each divided km range calculated according to the fare rates or using the specific fares determined without using the fare rates. The applicable table is shown below for the respective JR Companies and types of lines.

For a traffic completed within a JR Company or within JR East/Central/West, the basic fare for each fraction of km is shown in the following tables:

  JR East/Central/West JR Hokkaido JR Shikoku JR Kyushu
Main lines Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 1D (Eigyo kilo) Table 1E (Eigyo kilo) Table 1F (Eigyo kilo)
Densha Tokutei Kukan Table 1B (Eigyo-kilo) - - -
Yamanote/Osaka Loops Table 1C (Eigyo-kilo) - - -
Local lines Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 2B (Eigyo kilo) Table 1E or Table 3A (Gisei kilo) Table 1F or Table 3B (Gisei kilo)
Main + Local lines 
*Eigyo-kilo<=10km
Table 1A or *Table 2A
(Unchin-keisan-kilo)
Table 1D  or *Table 2B
(Unchin-keisan kilo)
Table 1E or Table 4A
(Unchin-keisan-kilo)
Table 1F or Table 4B
(Unchin-keisan-kilo)

For a thorough traffic between JRE/C/W and JRH/S/K, the basic fare is charged based on Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of the whole journey. To the basic fare is added an extra fare which is based on Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of the section within JRH/S/K.
  JR Hokkaido JR Shikoku JR Kyushu
M/M+L/L (JRE/C/W) => M/M+L (JRH/S/K) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) + Table 5A(Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) + Table 5B (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) Table 1A(Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) + Table 5C  (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo)
M/M+L (JRE/C/W) => L (JRH) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo) + 
Table 6A (Eigyo-kiloo)
- -
L (JRE/C/W) => L (JRH) Table 2A (Eigyo kilo) + Table 6A (Eigyo-kilo) - -

Special Fares: A special reduced fare is applied in many sections in Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka areas that compete with private railway companies' lines (Article 79). On the contrary, some newly built sections especially linked with airports require an additional amount to that calculated according to the tariff (Article 85-2).

Fares and Charges for Children: Passengers are classified as follows according to their age:

Infants and babies may travel free except that they need Child's tickets in the following cases. Children are to pay 50% of the adult fare for the basic fare tickets and for most supplemental charges, except for Green Car Tickets, Berth Tickets, etc.  Any amount less than 10 yen is rounded off.

Validity of Ticket

General: Article 147 of the Rule provides the principle that a ticket can be used once (except Seasonal Ticket) as indicated in the ticket by one person unless otherwise indicated.

Valid Term: Valid term of a One-way Ticket is as follows:

A Round-trip Ticket is valid for twice the term of One-way Ticket (a sum of each One-way Ticket term in case of a Round-trip Ticket involving the section between Shin-Shimonoseki and Hakata). Valid term of a Consecutive Ticket is the sum of the valid term for each section.

In case the valid term of a ticket expires during the journey, the journey can be continued without a stopover until reaching the destination shown in the ticket.

Tochu-gesha 騾比クュ荳玖サlt;/font> (Stopover): Tochu-gesha means to break a journey at a way station and to go out of the station through a latch or a wicket gate. A passenger has unlimited stopover privileges at stations on the route shown in the ticket, except the Ordinary Ticket with 100km or less in terms of the operating km and subject to other exceptions specifically mentioned in the section of Special Rules.


Special Rules for Ordinary Ticket

There are several special rules as exceptions to such principles that the fare calculation is according to the route followed or that a ticket is valid for use as indicated in the ticket.

Shinkansen and Zairaisen

The Rule provides in Articles 16-2 and 16-3 the treatment of Shinkansen and Zairaisen (conventional lines running parallel with Shinkansen) in issuing tickets or fare calculation.

Principle: The following Shinkansen and Zairaisen are treated as the same line in issuing tickets. In calculation of fares Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of parallel conventional lines is used.
 

(1) Tokaido and San'yo Shinkansen (Tokyo = Shin-Shimonoseki) Tokaido and San'yo Lines (Tokyo = Shin-Shimonoseki)
(2) Tohoku Shinkansen (Tokyo = Morioka) Tohoku Line (Tokyo = Morioka)
(3) Joetsu Shinkansen (Omiya = Niigata) Takasaki, Joetsu and Shin'etsu Lines (Omiya = Niigata)
(4) Kyushu Shinkansen (Hakata = Shin-Yatsushiro and Sendai = Kagoshima-chuo) Kagoshima Line (Hakata = Shin-Yatsushiro and Sendai = Kagoshima-chuo)

A passenger with an Ordinary Ticket via Zairaisen can use corresponding Shinkansen in the above table (of course a supplement charge for Shinkansen limited express needed) and vice versa. This rule does not apply to Hokuriku Shinkansen (Takasaki = Nagano), Tohoku Shinkansen (Morioka = Shin-Aomori) and Kyushu Shinkansen (Shin-Yatsushiro = Sendai) where the Zairaisen was transferred from JR to third sector operators.

In addition, San'yo Shinkansen (Shin-Shimonoseki = Hakata) and San'yo and Kagoshima Lines (Shin-Shimonoseki = Hakata) are regarded as the same line with respect to issuing tickets, while the basic fare rate is different each other (JR Kyushu operated conventional line is more expensive than JR West's Shinkansen). Thus, a Round-trip Ticket can be issued for a round trip Tokyo and Hakata with one way on board Shinkansen and returning by Blue Train and a 10% round trip discount is applied.

Exception: If the departing or terminating or connecting station is in the following sections (except the stations at the both ends), however, Shinkansen and Zairaisen are regarded as different lines in issuing tickets. As shown in the table, these sections have midway stations on Shinkansen which are not on the Zairaisen, while midway Shinkansen stations are on Zairaisen in other sections than listed in the table.

  Section [Midway Shinkansen Station]
(1) Shinagawa = Odawara [Shin-Yokohama]
(2) Mishima = Shizuoka [Shin-Fuji]
(3) Nagoya = Maibara [Gifu-Hajima]
(4) Shin-Osaka = Nishi-Akashi [Shin-Kobe]
(5) Fukuyama = Mihara [Shin-Onomichi]
(6) Mihara = Hiroshima [Higashi-Hiroshima]
(7) Hiroshima = Tokuyama [Shin-Iwakuni]
(8) Fukushima = Sendai [Shin-Shiroishi]
(9) Sendai = Ichinoseki [Furukawa and Kurikoma-kogen]
(10) Ichinoseki = Kitakami [Mizusawa-Esashi]
(11) Kitakami = Morioka [Shin-Hanamaki]
(12) Kumagaya = Takasaki [Honjo-Waseda]
(13) Takasaki = Echigo-Yuzawa [Jomo-Kogen]
(14) Nagaoka = Niigata [Tsubame-Sanjo]
(15) Hakata = Kurume [Shin-Tosu]
(16) Chikugo-Funagoya = Kumamoto [Shin-Omuta and Shin-Tamana]

A trip from Tokyo to Shizuoka by Shinkansen and then to Shimizu by a local train of Tokaido line can be done with One-way Ticket between Tokyo and Shimizu via Shizuoka in which operating km of the whole route is aggregated. This is possible because Shimizu is the terminating station which lies between Mishima and Shizuoka included in the above Table. On the contrary, One-way Ticket cannot be issued for a trip from Tokyo to Hamamatsu by Shinkansen and returning to Iwata by a local train because the Shinkansen and Tokaido line between Kakegawa and Hamamatsu are treated as the same line and the section between Hamamatsu and Iwata is duplicated.

Tokutei-kukan 迚ケ螳壼玄髢lt;/font>(Special Sections)

Fare Calculation: In the following sections the length of the shorter route is applied to calculations of basic fare (and supplemental charges as well), except in case that the route followed extends over the both alternative routes. In this case, the ticket does not designate the route in the respective sections (Article 69). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Section Alternative Routes Route applied in fare calculation
Onuma = Mori (JR Hokkaido) Hakodate line via Higashi-Mori (35.3km)
Hakodate line via Onuma-koen (22.5km)
Hakodate line via Onuma-koen
Akabane = Omiya (JR East) Tohoku line via Kawaguchi and Urawa (17.1km)
Tohoku line via Toda-koen and Yono-Honmachi (18.0km)
Tohoku line via Kawaguchi and Urawa
Nippori = Akabane (JR East) Tohoku line via Oji (7.4km)
Tohoku line via Ogu (7.6km)
Tohoku line via Oji
Shinagawa = Tsurumi (JR East) Tokaido line via Kawasaki (14.9km)
Tokaido line via Shin-Kawasaki (17.8km)
Tokaido line via Kawasaki
Tokyo = Soga (JR East) Sobu and Sotobo lines (43.0km)
Keiyo line (43.0km)
Sobu and Sotobo line
Yamashina = Omi-Shiotsu (JR West) Tokaido and Hokuriku lines (93.6km)
Kosei line (74.1km)
Kosei line
Osaka = Tennoji (JR West) Osaka-Kanjo line via Temma (10.7km)
Osaka-Kanjo line via Fukushima (11.0km)
Osaka-Kanjo line via Temma
Mihara = Kaidaichi (JR West) San'yo line (65.0km) 
Kure line (87.0km)
San'yo line
Iwakuni = Kushigahama (JR West) Gantoku line (43.7km; 48.1km for fare calculation)
San'yo line (65.4km) *
Gantoku line

* This applies to San'yo Shinkansen regarded as the same line as San'yo line. Therefore, the basic fare and the limited express supplement charge for Shinkansen between Iwakuni and Tokuyama are based on the fare calculation km of the route via Gantoku line.

Ukai-Josha 霑ょ屓荵苓サlt;/font> (Taking a roundabout route): A holder of the ticket issued according to this rule may take an roundabout route which are not used for fare calculation (Article 158).

Tokyo Big Loop
Fare Calculation: If a passenger passes through the route shown as bold lines in the map, the basic fare and supplemental charges are calculated according to the operating km of the shortest route available. In this case, the ticket does not designate the route within the zones (Article 70). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Ukai-Josha (Taking a roundabout route): A Passenger who passes through the bold lines by an Ordinary Ticket, a Multiple Ticket or a Group Ticket may take a roundabout route (Article 159). A holder of an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket which starts or terminates at a station on the bold lines may take a roundabout route notwithstanding the routes indicated on the ticket, however without a stopover privilege at stations on the roundabout route (Article 160).

Note: The area of Tokyo Loop was reduced and Osaka Loop was cancelled on March 13, 2004.

Stations in Specific City Zones and in Yamanote Zone

Fare calculation: The basic fare of a One-way Ticket between a station in the Specific City Zones shown in the maps below and a station located 201 km or more (in terms of operating km or fare calculation km) distant from the central station of the respective cities (marked with double circle in the map) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to the respective central station (Article 86).

Similarly, the basic fare of a One-way Ticket between a station in the Yamanote Zone shown as bold lines in the Tokyo city map and a station that is located 101 km or more (in terms of operating km or fare calculation km) distant from Tokyo station is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Tokyo station (Article 87).

For the both cases, the valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km from or to the central station with double circle which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Stopover limitation: A holder of a ticket issued according to this rule may not make a stopover at stations within the respective Specific City Zone or Yamanote Zone designated in the ticket (Article 156). However, a holder of a ticket from or to Osaka City Zone may make a stopover at Osaka or Kitashinchi station for connecting trains between the two stations. A holder of a ticket from or to Kobe City Zone may make a stopover at San'nomiya, Motomachi, Kobe, Shin-Nagata or Shin-Kobe station for connecting to or from Shinkansen (Article 145, Section 2 of Standard).

Orikaeshi Josha 謚倥j霑斐@荵苓サlt;/font>(Duplicated Route): A holder of a ticket issued according to this rule may take a duplicated route for connecting trains (Article 150 of Standard). For example a passenger who has a ticket from Tokyo City Zone to Matsumoto may travel first from Nishi-Ogikubo to Shinjuku and then back to Matsumo by changing the train at Shinjuku.

Kukangai-josha 蛹コ髢灘、紋ケ苓サlt;/font>(Riding on Non-ticketed section): A holder of a ticket from or to Osaka City Zone may travel through Amagasaki (not in Osaka City Zone) between Tsukamoto and Kashima, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, if not terminating the journey at Amagasaki (Article 150, Section 2 of Standard).

Osaka and Shin-Osaka Stations

Fare calculation: The basic fare between Osaka or Shin-Osaka station and stations located beyond Himeji station (to the direction of Agaho on San'yo line,  Kyoguchi on Bantan line or Harima-Takaoka on Kishin line) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Osaka station only in case the route is via Himeji station (Article 88). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route from or to Osaka which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Kitashinchi Station

Fare calculation: The basic fare between Kitashinchi station and stations located beyond Amagasaki station (to the direction of Tachibana on Tokaido line or Tsukaguchi on Fukuchiyama line) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Osaka station only in case the route is via Amagasaki station (Article 89).

Daitoshi Kinko Kukan (Tokyo, Osaka or Fukuoka Suburban Area)

Stopover limitation: A holder of an Ordinary Ticket whose journey is completed within the respective areas shown in the maps below may not make a stopover at stations in the area (Article 156).

Sentaku-Josha 驕ク謚樔ケ苓サlt;/font> (Taking an alternative route): A holder of an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket whose journey is completed within the respective area shown in the maps below may take an alternative route other than the route indicated on the ticket (Article 157, Section 2).

This is a rule for the validity of the ticket allowing a passenger to take an alternative route in the area, and is not a rule for fare calculation based on the shortest route available in the area as in the case of Tokyo Loop Zone. However, it virtually turns to a rule to charge the lowest fare between the starting and terminating stations within the area, as the use of stored fare cards is growing.
 

Tokyo Suburban Area

Note: All Shinkansen lines are not included in Tokyo Suburban Area.
Osaka Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Shin-Osaka and Nishi-Akashi is not included in Osaka Suburban Area.
Fukuoka Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Kokura and Hakata is not included in Fukuoka Suburban Area.
Niigata Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Tsubame-Sanjo and Niigata is not included in Niigata Suburban Area.

Sentaku-Josha Kukan 驕ク謚樔ケ苓サ雁玄髢lt;/font> (Section for Alternative Route)

A passenger who travels through the sections shown in the maps below using an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket may take an alternative route irrespective of the route designated on the ticket (Article 157).

For example, a passenger who travels in Section 1 below between a station beyond Sendai (the solid lines) and a station beyond Kogota (the double lines) may use Tohoku line via Matsushima (the solid line) even if his ticket indicates as the route Tohoku Shinkansen via Furukawa (the dotted line) or vice versa. In Section 8, a passenger who travels from a station between Furukawa and Kogota (the double circles) to a station beyond Ichinoseki (the double lines) may use either Tohoku line (the solid line) or Rikuu-to line and Tohoku Shinkansen (the dotted line) irrespective of the designation of his ticket. In case of Section 6, a passenger holding a ticket from a station beyond Ichinoseki and to a station beyond Mizusawa may use Tohoku Shinkansen to Mizusawa-Esashi and they continue the journey from Mizusawa.
 
(1) Sendai = Kogota
(2) Kogota = Ichinoseki
(3) Sendai = Ichinoseki
(4) Sendai = Between Furukawa and Kogota
(5) Kitakami = Morioka
(6) Ichinoseki = Mizusawa or Mizusawa-Esashi
(7) Mizusawa or Mizusawa-Esashi = Kitakami
(8) Between Furukawa or Kogota = Ichinoseki
(9) Sendai = Ichinoseki
(10) Sendai = Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta
(11) Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta = Ichinoseki
(12) Kogota = Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta
(13) Fukushima = Sendai
(14) Fukushima = Shiroishi or Shiroishi-Zao
(15) Shiroishi or Shiroishi-Zao = Sendai
(16) Nagaoka = Niigata
(17) Takasaki = Echigo-Yuzawa
(18) Jomo-kogen or Gokan = Echigo-Yuzawa
(19) Takasaki = Jomo-kogen or Gokan
(20) Kumagaya = Takasaki
(21) Kumagaya = Honjo-Waseda or Honjo
(22) Honjo-Waseda or Honjo = Takasaki
(23*) Odawara = Between Shin-Yokohama and Yokohama
(24) Odawara = Shinagawa
(25) Odawara = Higashi-Kanagawa
(26*) Shiojiri = Tatsuno
(27) Fuji or Shin-Fuji = Mishima
(28) Shizuoka = Fuji or Shin-Fuji
(29) Shizuoka = Mishima
(30**) Gifu or Gifu-Hajima = Nagoya
(31) Maibara = Gifu or Gifu-Hajima
(32) Maibara = Nagoya
(33*) Nishi-Akashi = Osaka
(34) Nishi-Akashi = Shin-Osaka
(35) Shin-Kobe or Kobe = Shin-Osaka
(36) Nishi-Akashi = Shin-Kobe or Kobe
(37) Higashi-Okayama = Aioi
(38) Iyo-Ozu = Mukaibara
(39) Shin-Onomichi or Onomichi = Fukuyama
(40) Mihara = Shin-Onomichi or Onomichi
(41) Mihara = Fukuyama
(42) Higashi-Hiroshima or Saijo = Mihara
(43) Hiroshima = Higashi-Hiroshima or Saijo
(44) Hiroshima = Mihara
(45) Shin-Iwakuni or Iwakuni = Hiroshima
(46) Tokuyama = Shin-Iwakuni or Iwakuni
(47) Tokuyama = Hiroshima
(48) Asa = Ino
(49) Ube = Shin-Yamaguchi
(50) Hakata = Shin-Tosu or Tosu
(51) Kurume = Shin-Tosu or Tosu
(52) Hakata = Kurume
(53) Chikugo-Funagoya = Kumamoto
(54) Chikugo-Funagoya = Shin-Omuta or Omuta
(55) Chikugo-Funagoya = Shin-Tamana or Tamana
(56) Omuta = Tamana or Shin-Omuta = Shin-Tamana
(57) Kumamoto = Shin-Omuta or Omuta
(58) Kumamoto = Shin-Tamana or Tamana
(59) Urakami = Kikitsu
(60*) Between Nishi-Urakami and Nagayo = Kikitsu
(61*) Urakami = Between Honkawachi and Higashisono
* Stopovers are not allowed in case of taking an alternate route not designated in the ticket.
** The Alternae route cannot be chosen for a ticket between Nagoya, Otobashi or Kanayama and Gifu or Gifu-Hajima.

Tokutei-Ressha 迚ケ螳壼・霆lt;/font>(Fare Calculation for Specific Trains)

In case of passing the route shown in the table below by an Express Train, the Basic Fare, Express Supplemental Charge and Green Car Supplemental Charge are calculated according to the operating km of the shorter route (Article 110 of Standard).
 
Route passed by Express Train Shorter Route applicable to Fare Calculation Trains
Akabane to Ikebukuro by Tohoku and Yamanote lines Akabane line Narita Express. Also applicable to local or rapid trains such as Shonan-Shinjuku line
Yoyogi to Kinshicho by Yamanote, Tokaido (Shinagawa = Tokyo) and Sobu (Tokyo = Kinshicho) lines Chuo and Sobu (Ochanomizu = Kinshicho) Narita Express
Amagasaki to Wadayama by Tokaido, San'yo and Bantan lines Fukuchiyama and San'in lines Hamakaze

Blanching Stations (Riding a train on non-ticketed route)

Tokutei Bunki Kukan 迚ケ螳壼・蟯仙玄髢lt;/font> (Special branched section): A holder of ticket for a journey between the stations on the dotted lines shown in the respective maps below may ride on a train on the route shown as the bold line, without paying an additional fare, unless he or she makes a stopover at stations on the non-ticketed route (Article 150 of Standard).
(1) Nippori = Tokyo
(2) Nippori = Ueno
(3) Shinagawa = Osaki
(4) Tsurumi = Yokohama
(5) Musashi-Shiraishi = Anzen
(6) Imamiya = Shin-Imamiya
(7) Utadu = Sakaide
(8) Orio = Kurosaki

Bunki-eki Tsuka Ressha 蛻・イ宣ァ・驕主・霆lt;/font>(Train passing the blanching station ): A passenger who travels from or to a line blanched off at the station on the left in the list below and uses an express train that does not stop at such station may ride on a train between the respective two stations, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, unless he or she makes a stopover on the route (Article 151 of Standard).
 

Higashi-Kushiro = Kushiro Higashi-Kanagawa = Yokohama Utadu = Marugame
Shin-Asahigawa = Asahigawa Kanda = Tokyo Tadotsu = Marugame
Shiroishi = Sapporo Yoyogi = Shinjuku Ikeya = Shozui
Soen = Sapporo Shiojiri = Matsumoto Sako = Tokushima
Numanohata = Tomakomai Kanayama = Nagoya Tsukuda = Awa-Ikeda
Goryokaku = Hakodate Tsubata = Kanazawa Mukaibara = Iyo-shi
Nakaoguni = Kanita Echzen-Hanando = Fukui Kita-Uwajima = Uwajima
Kawabe = Hirosaki Omi-Shiotsu = Tsuruga Kaidaichi = Hiroshima *
Oiwake = Akita Yamashina = Kyoto Yokogawa = Hiroshima
Uzen-Chitose = Yamagata Shin-Osaka = Osaka Hatabu = Shimonoseki
Kita-Yamagata = Yamagata Osaka = Shin-Osaka Nishi-Kokura = Kokura
Asaka-Nagamori = Koriyama Amagasaki = Osaka Yoshiduka = Hakata
Amarume = Sakata Kubota = Saga Miyauchi = Nagaoka
Higashi-Okayama = Okayama Jono = Kokura Hoshakuji = Utsunomiya
Kurashiki = Okayama Yoake = Hida Shin-Maebashi = Takasaki
Uto = Kumamoto Kuragano = Takasaki Bicchu-Kojiro = Niimi
Tayoshi = Minami-Miyazaki Hoki-Daisen = Yonago
* incl. in case of use of Shinkansen between Hiroshima and a station beyond Mihara

Orikaeshi Ressha 謚倥j霑斐@蛻苓サlt;/font>(Train duplicating the route): A passenger who rides an express train which duplicates the route shown in the list below may ride on a train between the respective two stations, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, unless he or she makes a stopover on the route (Article 152 of Standard).
 

Sapporo = Shiroishi Miyauchi = Nagaoka Tsubata = Kanazawa
Hakodate = Goryokaku Nishi-Kokura = Kokura


Revision History

First release: September 13, 2003
Last update: March 14, 2011
Copyright 2003 - 11 Desktoptetsu All rights reserved

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