JR's Rule on Passenger Tickets


JR's rule on passenger tickets necessary for a railway journey is formulated as Ryokaku Eigyō Kisoku (旅客営業規則), or Passenger Service Rule (Rule), which represents the terms and conditions of a carriage contract, and as Ryokaku Eigyō Toriatsukai Kijun Kitei (旅客営業取扱基準規程) or Passenger Service Handling Standard (Standard) as an internal rule of JR. They are common for all six JR passenger companies. The Rule in Japanese is provided at the web sites of JR East, JR Central, JR West, JR Kyushuand JR Hokkaido. The Standard had been published together with the Rule before the publisher duscontinued the business in 2012. The 2011 version of the Standard (in Japanese) can be seen at my web site.

No English translation of the Rule or the Standard is available and the information on the ticketing rule in English is limited to the very concise one such as provided at a JR East web page. This page is intended to provide more information based on my understanding of the Rule and the Standard. Please note that the English terms used in this page are my trial translation. Article number refers to Article of the Rule or the Standard, unless otherwise mentioned.

Though the Rule is very complicated and you can get exact fares at such web sites as Japanese Traffic Guide and Hyperdia Timetable and Route Search, it is useful to study the Rule for traveling by rail in Japan.

The author is interested in equivalent rules of any nation-wide railway companiy in the world. Any information or indication of Internet web sources would be greatly appreciated.


Contents

Types of Tickets and Fares
    Tickets Required for a Train Travel
General Rules of Ordinary Ticket
    Conditions to Issue
    Fare Calculation
    Validity of Ticket
Special Rules of Ordinary Ticket
    Shinkansen and Zairaisen (Conventional Lines)
    Tokutei-kukan (Special Sections)
    Tokyo Big Loop
    Stations in Specific City Zones and in Yamanote Zone
    Osaka and Shin-Osaka Stations
    Kitashinchi Station
    Daitoshi Kinko Kukan (Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, Niigata and Sendai Suburban Area)
    Sentaku-Josha Kukan (Taking an alternative route)
    Blanching Stations (Riding a train on non-ticketed route)
Express Ticket
    Type of Express Ticket
    Conditions Applied
    Express Charge
Other Tickets
    Green Car Ticket
    Berth Ticket
    Reservation Ticket


Types of Tickets and Fares

The Rule provides the type of tickets (Article 18) and the the type of fares (shown in italic font) corresponding to the tickets type (Article 65) as shown in the table below. Tickets are divided into Basic Fare Tickets and Supplemental Charge Tickets.

Josha-ken-rui 乗車券類 (Tickets)/ Ryokaku Unchin Ryokin 旅客運賃料金 (Basic Fare and Supplemental Charge)
(1) Josha-ken 乗車券 (Basic Fare Ticket)/ Ryokaku Unchin 旅客運賃 (Basic Fare)
A. Futsu Josha-ken 普通乗車券 (Ordinary Ticket)/ Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 普通旅客運賃 (Ordinary Ticket Basic Fare) Katamichi Josha-ken 片道乗車券 (One-way Ticket)/ Katamichi Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 片道普通旅客運賃 (One Way Basic Fare)
Ofuku Josha-ken 往復乗車券 (Round-trip Ticket)/ Ofuku Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 往復普通旅客運賃 (Round Trip Basic Fare)
Renzoku Josha-ken 連続乗車券 (Consecutive Ticket)/ Renzoku Futsu Ryokaku Unchin 連続普通旅客運賃 (Consecutive Basic Fare)
B. Teiki Josha-ken 定期乗車券 (Seasonal Ticket)/ Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 定期旅客運賃 (Seasonal Basic Fare) Tsuukin Teiki Josha-ken 通勤定期乗車券 (Commuting Seasonal Ticket)/ Tsukin Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 通勤定期旅客運賃 (Commuting Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tsuugaku Teiki Josha-ken 通学定期乗車券 (Schooling Seasonal Ticket)/ Tsuugaku Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 通学定期旅客運賃 (Schooling Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tokushu Teiki Josha-ken 特殊定期乗車券 (Special Season Ticket)/ Tokushu Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 特殊定期旅客運賃 (Special Seasonal Basic Fare) Tokubetsu Sharyo Teiki Josha-ken 特別車両定期乗車券 (Green Car Seasonal Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 特別車両定期旅客運賃 (Green Car Seasonal Basic Fare)
Tokushu Kin'itsu Teiki Josha-ken 特殊均一定期乗車券 (Special Uniform Fare Season Ticket)/ Tokushu Kin'itsu Teiki Ryokaku Unchin 特殊均一定期旅客運賃 (Special Uniform Seasonal Basic Fare)
C. Kaisuu Josha-ken 回数乗車券 (Multiple Ticket)/ Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 回数旅客運賃 (Multiple Basic Fare) Fustsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 普通回数乗車券 (Ordinary Multiple Ticket)/ Futsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 普通回数旅客運賃 (Ordinary Multiple Ticket Basic Fare) Ippan Fustsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 一般普通回数乗車券 (General Ordinary Multiple Ticket)/ Ippan Futsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 一般普通回数旅客運賃 (General Ordinary Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
Tokubetsu Sharyo Kaisuu Josha-ken 特別車両回数乗車券 (Green Car Multiple Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 特別車両回数旅客運賃 (Green Car Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
Kin'itsu Kaisuu Josha-ken 均一回数乗車券 (Uniform Fare Multiple Ticket)/ Kin'itsu Kaisuu Ryokaku Unchin 均一回数旅客運賃 (Uniform  Multiple Ticket Basic Fare)
D. Dantai Josha-ken 団体乗車券 (Group Ticket)/ Dantai Ryokaku Unchin 団体旅客運賃 (Group Basic Fare)
E. Kashikiri Josha-ken 貸切乗車券 (Chartered Train Ticket)/ Kashikiri Ryokaku Unchin 貸切旅客運賃 (Chartered Train Basic Fare)

(2) Kyuko-ken 急行券 (Express Ticket)/ Kyuko Ryokin 急行料金 (Supplemental Charge for Express)
Tokubetsu Kyuko-ken 急行券 (Limited Express Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Kyuko Ryokin 急行料金 (Supplemental Charge for Limited Express) Shitei-seki Tokkyu-ken 指定席特急券 (Reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket) / Shitei-seki Tokkyu Ryokin 指定席特急料金 (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Reserved Seat)
Tachiseki Tokkyu-ken 立席特急券 (Standing Seat Limited Express Ticket) / Tachiseki Tokkyu Ryokin 立席特急料金 (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Standing Seat )
Jiyu-seki Tokkyu-ken 自由席特急券 (Non-reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket)/ Jiyu-seki Tokkyu Ryokin 自由席特急料金 (Limited Express Supplemental Charge for Non-reserved Seat)
Tokutei Tokkyu-ken 特定特急券 (Special Limited Express Ticket)/ Tokutei Tokkyu Ryokin 特定特急料金 (Special Limited Express Supplemental Charge)
Fustsu Kyuko-ken 普通急行券 (Ordinary Express Ticket)/ Futsu Kyuko Ryokin 普通急行料金 (Ordinary Express Supplemental Charge)

(3) Tokubetsu Sharyo-ken 特別車両券(Green Car Ticket)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin特別車両料金(Green Car Supplemental Charge)
Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 特別車両券A (Green Car Ticket A)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 特別車両料金A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A) Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 指定席特別車両券A (Reserved Green Car Ticket A)/ Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 指定席特別車両料金A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A)
Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 自由席特別車両券A (Non-reserved Green Car Ticket A)/ Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 自由席特別車両料金A (Green Car Supplemental Charge A)
Tokubetsu Sharyo-ken 特別車両券B (Green Car Ticket B)/ Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 特別車両料金B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B) Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 指定席特別車両券B (Reserved Green Car Ticket B)/ Shitei-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 指定席特別車両料金B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B)
Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sahryo-ken 自由席特別車両券B (Non-reserved Green Car Ticket B)/ Jiyu-seki Tokubetsu Sharyo Ryokin 自由席特別車両料金B (Green Car Supplemental Charge B)

(4) Shindai-ken 寝台券(Berth Ticket)/ Shindai Ryokin 寝台料金 (Berth Charge)
"A" Shindai-ken A寝台券 (A-type Berth Ticket)/ "A" Shindai Ryokin A寝台料金 (A-Type Berth Charge)
"B" Shindai-ken B寝台券 (B-type Berth Ticket)/ "B" Shindai Ryokin B寝台料金 (B-Type Berth Charge)

(5) Compartment-ken コンパートメント券(Compartment Ticket)/ Compartment Ryokin コンパートメント料金 (Compartment Charge)

(6) Zaseki Shitei-ken 座席指定券(Reservation Ticket)/ Zaseki Shitei Ryokin 座席指定料金 (Reservation Charge)

In addition to these normal tickets, discount tickets and free passes are available, which are sold under different rules from Passenger Service Rule.

Tickets Required for a Train Travel

Josha-ken or Basic Fare Ticket is required for all train travels. In addition, one or more of supplemental charge tickets listed above from (2) through (6) are needed as shown below according to the train type and the car accommodation used.
Trains Car
Ordinary Car Green Car Berth Car
Reserved Sheet Non-reserved Sheet Reserved Sheet Non-reserved Sheet A-type Berth B-type Berth
Limited Express
(incl. Shinkansen)
Reserved Limited Express Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + Reserved Green Car Ticket A NA Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + A-type Berth Ticket Non-reserved Limited Express Ticket + B-type Berth Ticket
Ordinary Express Ordinary Express Ticket + Reservation Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket + Reserved Green Car Ticket A Ordinary Express Ticket + Non-reserved Green Car Ticket A Ordinary Express Ticket + A-type Berth Ticket Ordinary Express Ticket + B-type Berth Ticket
Rapid/Local Reservation Ticket No (Basic Fare Ticket only) * Reserved Green Car Ticket B Non-reserved Green Car Ticket B NA NA
* Some trains require special tickets such as Liner Tickets.


General Rules of Ordinary Ticket

This section provides the general rules relating to issuance, fare calculation and validity of the Ordinary Ticket while some rules apply to other tickets.

Conditions to Issue

The Rule provides in Article 26 the conditions to issue the Ordinary Ticket, i.e. One-way Ticket, Round-trip Ticket and Consecutive Ticket. This is a very important rule to remember.

A One-way Ticket is issued for a journey on a "continuous route" drawn with one stroke without duplication of the route, irrespective of the length or shape of the route. The continuous route for a One-way Ticket terminates when it reaches the station which has been already visited in the same journey. Thus, three types of the route as illustrated below are eligible for a One-way Ticket.

One-way Ticket cannot be issued for the following routes though they are drawn with one stroke. A Round-trip Ticket is issued for a return journey with the same route for which One-way Ticket can be issued. Thus, a Round-trip Ticket can be issued for 1 and 0 letter routes, but not for a 6-letter route where the return route is a 9-letter route.

A Consecutive Ticket is issued for a route where One-way Ticket or Round-trip Ticket cannot be issued. It consists of two sections each of which must be eligible for a One-way Ticket route. Thus, 8, 9 or T -letter route can be  traveled with a Consecutive Ticket.

Fare Calculation

Principle: The basic fare of the Ordinary Ticket and the supplemental charges are in principle calculated according to the route actually followed in a journey (Article 67).

In calculation of the basic fare, length of the route in terms of Eigyo-kilo 営業キロ (operation km), Gisei-kilo 擬制キロ (fictious or dummy km) or Unchin-keisan-kilo 運賃計算キロ (fare calculation km) is aggregated as far as the route is continuous in the same direction within the network of JR Companies until reaching the station which has been already visited in the same journey. If the route includes midway those lines of other operators than JR Companies that have a Tsuka Renraku Un'yu (passing connection transport) contract with a JR Company, the operating km or fare calculation km of  JR's sections before and after such Tsuuka Renraku Un'yu lines are summed up. This principle applies to some supplemental charges which are calculated based on Eigyo-kilo.

Fare Rates: The basic fare is calculated according to the fare rates established by JR Companies (three mainland companies - JR East, JR Central and JR West, and each of JR Hokkaido, JR Shikoku and JR Kyushu) for Kansen 幹線(Main lines) and Chiho-Kotsu-sen 地方交通線 (Local lines). A reduced fare rate is applied for Densha-Tokutei-Kukan 電車特定区間 (Urban Specific Zone) and for Yamanote and Osaka Loop Zones, both of which are located in central Tokyo and Osaka metropolitan areas.

Eigyo-kilo, which in principle corresponds to the actual length of the route (except Shinkansen), is used for fare calculation of main lines of all six passenger companies and local lines of JR East, JR Central, JR West and JR Hokkaido. Gisei-kilo, in which Eigyo-kilo is adjusted according to the difference in fare rates between main and local lines, is used for fare calculation of local lines of JR Shikoku and JR Kyushu. Unchin-keisan-kilo, in short Unchin-kilo, is used in case of the route of a ticket encompasses both main and local lines and is a sum of Eigyo-kilo of main lines and Gisei-kilo or Kansan-kilo 換算キロ(converted km) of local lines. Kansan-kilo is simillar to Gisei-kilo and is used by JR East, JR Central, JR West and JR Hokkaido only as a part of Unchin-kilo.

Fare Tables: You can get the basic fare for a journey you are going to make by first calculating Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo of the route between the starting and terminating stations and then referring to the applicable fare table which shows the fare for each divided km range calculated according to the fare rates or using the specific fares (shown in acqua colour) determined without using the fare rates. The applicable table is shown below for the respective JR Companies and types of lines.

For a traffic completed within a JR Company or within JR East/Central/West, the basic fare for each fraction of km is shown in the following tables:

  JR East JR East (IC Card) JR Central JR West JR Hokkaido JR Shikoku JR Kyushu
Main lines Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 1B (Eigyo-kilo) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 1C (Eigyo kilo) Table 1D (Eigyo kilo) Table 1E (Eigyo kilo)
Local lines Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 2B (Eigyo kilo) Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 2C (Eigyo kilo) Table 1D or Table 5A (Gisei kilo) Table 1E or Table 5B (Gisei kilo)
Densha Tokutei Kukan Table 3A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 3B (Eigyo-kilo) - Table 3C (Eigyo-kilo) - - -
Yamanote/Osaka Loops Table 4A (Eigyo-kilo) Table 4B (Eigyo-kilo) - Table 4C (Eigyo-kilo) - - -
Main + Local lines
*Eigyo-kilo<=10km
Table 1A (Unchin-kilo)
*Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo)
Table 1B (Unchin-kilo)
*Table 2B (Eigyo-kilo)
Table 1A (Unchin-kilo)
*Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo)
Table 1A (Unchin-kilo)
*Table 2A (Eigyo-kilo)
Table 1C (Unchin-kilo)
*Table 2C (Eigyo-kilo)
Table 1D (Gisei-kilo) or Table 5A (Unchin-kilo) Table 1E (Gisei-kilo) or Table 5B (Unchin-kilo)

For a thorough traffic between JRE/C/W and JRH/S/K, the basic fare is charged based on Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of the whole journey. To the basic fare is added an extra fare which is based on Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of the section within JRH/S/K.
  JR Hokkaido JR Shikoku JR Kyushu
M/M+L/L (JRE/C/W) => M/M+L (JRH/S/K) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) + Table 7A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) + Table 7B (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) + Table 7C (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo)
M/M+L (JRE/C/W) => L (JRH) Table 1A (Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-kilo) + Table 7D (Eigyo-kiloo) - -
L (JRE/C/W) => L (JRH) Table 2A (Eigyo kilo) + Table 7D (Eigyo-kilo) - -

Special Fares: A special reduced fare is applied in many sections in Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka areas that compete with private railway companies' lines (Article 79). On the contrary, some newly built sections especially linked with airports require an additional amount to that calculated according to the tariff (Article 85-2).

Fares and Charges for Children: Passengers are classified as follows according to their age:

Infants and babies may travel free except that they need Child's tickets in the following cases. Children are to pay 50% of the adult fare for the basic fare tickets and for most supplemental charges, except for Green Car Tickets, Berth Tickets, etc. Any amount less than 10 yen is rounded off.

Validity of Ticket

General: Article 147 of the Rule provides the principle that a ticket can be used once (except Seasonal Ticket) as indicated in the ticket by one person unless otherwise indicated.

Valid Term: Valid term of a One-way Ticket is as follows:

A Round-trip Ticket is valid for twice the term of One-way Ticket (a sum of each One-way Ticket term in case of a Round-trip Ticket involving the section between Shin-Shimonoseki and Hakata). Valid term of a Consecutive Ticket is the sum of the valid term for each section.

In case the valid term of a ticket expires during the journey, the journey can be continued without a stopover until reaching the destination shown in the ticket.

Tochu-gesha 途中下車 (Stopover): Tochu-gesha means to break a journey at a way station and to go out of the station through a latch or a wicket gate. A passenger has unlimited stopover privileges at stations on the route shown in the ticket, except the Ordinary Ticket with 100km or less in terms of the operating km and subject to other exceptions specifically mentioned in the section of Special Rules.


Special Rules of Ordinary Ticket

There are several special rules as exceptions to such principles that the fare calculation is according to the route followed or that a ticket is valid for use as indicated in the ticket.

Shinkansen and Zairaisen (Conventional Lines)

The Rule provides in Articles 16-2 and 16-3 the treatment of Shinkansen and Zairaisen in issuing tickets or fare calculation.

Principle: The following Shinkansen and Zairaisen are treated as the same line in issuing tickets. In calculation of fares Eigyo-kilo or Unchin-keisan-kilo of parallel conventional lines is used.
 

(1) Tokaido and San'yo Shinkansen (Tokyo = Shin-Shimonoseki) Tokaido and San'yo Lines (Tokyo = Shin-Shimonoseki)
(2) Tohoku Shinkansen (Tokyo = Morioka) Tohoku Line (Tokyo = Morioka)
(3) Joetsu Shinkansen (Omiya = Niigata) Takasaki, Joetsu and Shin'etsu Lines (Omiya = Niigata)
(4) Kyushu Shinkansen (Hakata = Shin-Yatsushiro and Sendai = Kagoshima-chuo) Kagoshima Line (Hakata = Shin-Yatsushiro and Sendai = Kagoshima-chuo)

A passenger with an Ordinary Ticket via Zairaisen can use corresponding Shinkansen in the above table (of course a supplement charge for Shinkansen limited express needed) and vice versa. This rule does not apply to Hokuriku Shinkansen (Takasaki = Kanazawa), Tohoku Shinkansen (Morioka = Shin-Aomori) and Kyushu Shinkansen (Shin-Yatsushiro = Sendai) where the Zairaisen was transferred from JR to semi-public joint venture operators.

In addition, San'yo Shinkansen (Shin-Shimonoseki = Hakata) and San'yo and Kagoshima Lines (Shin-Shimonoseki = Hakata) are regarded as the same line with respect to issuing tickets, while the basic fare rate is different each other (JR Kyushu operated conventional line is more expensive than JR West's Shinkansen). Thus, a Round-trip Ticket can be issued for a round trip Tokyo and Hakata with one way on board Shinkansen and returning by Blue Train and a 10% round trip discount is applied.

Exception: If the departing or terminating or connecting station is in the following sections (except the stations at the both ends), however, Shinkansen and Zairaisen are regarded as different lines in issuing tickets. As shown in the table, these sections have midway stations on Shinkansen which are not on the Zairaisen, while midway Shinkansen stations are on Zairaisen in other sections than listed in the table.

Section [Midway Shinkansen Station]
(1) Shinagawa = Odawara [Shin-Yokohama]
(2) Mishima = Shizuoka [Shin-Fuji]
(3) Nagoya = Maibara [Gifu-Hajima]
(4) Shin-Osaka = Nishi-Akashi [Shin-Kobe]
(5) Fukuyama = Mihara [Shin-Onomichi]
(6) Mihara = Hiroshima [Higashi-Hiroshima]
(7) Hiroshima = Tokuyama [Shin-Iwakuni]
(8) Fukushima = Sendai [Shin-Shiroishi]
(9) Sendai = Ichinoseki [Furukawa and Kurikoma-kogen]
(10) Ichinoseki = Kitakami [Mizusawa-Esashi]
(11) Kitakami = Morioka [Shin-Hanamaki]
(12) Kumagaya = Takasaki [Honjo-Waseda]
(13) Takasaki = Echigo-Yuzawa [Jomo-Kogen]
(14) Nagaoka = Niigata [Tsubame-Sanjo]
(15) Hakata = Kurume [Shin-Tosu]
(16) Chikugo-Funagoya = Kumamoto [Shin-Omuta and Shin-Tamana]

A trip from Tokyo to Shizuoka by Shinkansen and then to Shimizu by a local train of Tokaido line can be done with One-way Ticket between Tokyo and Shimizu via Shizuoka in which operating km of the whole route is aggregated. This is possible because Shimizu is the terminating station which lies between Mishima and Shizuoka included in the above Table. On the contrary, One-way Ticket cannot be issued for a trip from Tokyo to Hamamatsu by Shinkansen and returning to Iwata by a local train because the Shinkansen and Tokaido line between Kakegawa and Hamamatsu are treated as the same line and the section between Hamamatsu and Iwata is duplicated.

Tokutei-kukan 特定区間(Special Sections)

Fare Calculation: In the following sections the length of the shorter route is applied to calculations of basic fare (and supplemental charges as well), except in case that the route followed extends over the both alternative routes. In this case, the ticket does not designate the route in the respective sections (Article 69). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Section Alternative Routes Route applied in fare calculation
Onuma = Mori (JR Hokkaido) Hakodate line via Higashi-Mori (35.3km)
Hakodate line via Onuma-koen (22.5km)
Hakodate line via Onuma-koen
Akabane = Omiya (JR East) Tohoku line via Kawaguchi and Urawa (17.1km)
Tohoku line via Toda-koen and Yono-Honmachi (18.0km)
Tohoku line via Kawaguchi and Urawa
Nippori = Akabane (JR East) Tohoku line via Oji (7.4km)
Tohoku line via Ogu (7.6km)
Tohoku line via Oji
Shinagawa = Tsurumi (JR East) Tokaido line via Kawasaki (14.9km)
Tokaido line via Shin-Kawasaki (17.8km)
Tokaido line via Kawasaki
Tokyo = Soga (JR East) Sobu and Sotobo lines (43.0km)
Keiyo line (43.0km)
Sobu and Sotobo line
Yamashina = Omi-Shiotsu (JR West) Tokaido and Hokuriku lines (93.6km)
Kosei line (74.1km)
Kosei line
Osaka = Tennoji (JR West) Osaka-Kanjo line via Temma (10.7km)
Osaka-Kanjo line via Fukushima (11.0km)
Osaka-Kanjo line via Temma
Mihara = Kaidaichi (JR West) San'yo line (65.0km)
Kure line (87.0km)
San'yo line
Iwakuni = Kushigahama (JR West) Gantoku line (43.7km; 48.1km for fare calculation)
San'yo line (65.4km) *
Gantoku line

* This applies to San'yo Shinkansen regarded as the same line as San'yo line. Therefore, the basic fare and the limited express supplement charge for Shinkansen between Iwakuni and Tokuyama are based on the fare calculation km of the route via Gantoku line.

Ukai-Josha う回乗車 (Taking a roundabout route): A holder of the ticket issued according to this rule may take an roundabout route which are not used for fare calculation (Article 158).

Tokyo Big Loop
Fare Calculation: If a passenger passes through the route shown as bold lines in the map, the basic fare and supplemental charges are calculated according to the operating km of the shortest route available. In this case, the ticket does not designate the route within the zones (Article 70). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Ukai-Josha (Taking a roundabout route): A Passenger who passes through the bold lines by an Ordinary Ticket, a Multiple Ticket or a Group Ticket may take a roundabout route (Article 159). A holder of an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket which starts or terminates at a station on the bold lines may take a roundabout route notwithstanding the routes indicated on the ticket, however without a stopover privilege at stations on the roundabout route (Article 160).

Note: The area of Tokyo Loop was reduced and Osaka Loop was cancelled on March 13, 2004.

Stations in Specific City Zones and in Yamanote Zone

Fare calculation: The basic fare of a One-way Ticket between a station in the Specific City Zones shown in the maps below and a station located 201 km or more (in terms of operating km or fare calculation km) distant from the central station of the respective cities (marked with double circle in the map) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to the respective central station (Article 86).

Similarly, the basic fare of a One-way Ticket between a station in the Yamanote Zone shown as bold lines in the Tokyo city map and a station that is located 101 km or more (in terms of operating km or fare calculation km) distant from Tokyo station is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Tokyo station (Article 87).

For the both cases, the valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km from or to the central station with double circle which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Stopover limitation: A holder of a ticket issued according to this rule may not make a stopover at stations within the respective Specific City Zone or Yamanote Zone designated in the ticket (Article 156). However, a holder of a ticket from or to Osaka City Zone may make a stopover at Osaka or Kitashinchi station for connecting trains between the two stations. A holder of a ticket from or to Kobe City Zone may make a stopover at San'nomiya, Motomachi, Kobe, Shin-Nagata or Shin-Kobe station for connecting to or from Shinkansen (Article 145, Section 2 of Standard).

Orikaeshi Josha 折返し乗車(Duplicated Route): A holder of a ticket issued according to this rule may take a duplicated route for connecting trains (Article 150 of Standard). For example a passenger who has a ticket from Tokyo City Zone to Matsumoto may travel first from Nishi-Ogikubo to Shinjuku and then back to Matsumo by changing the train at Shinjuku.

Kukangai-josha 区間外乗車(Riding on Non-ticketed section): A holder of a ticket from or to Osaka City Zone may travel through Amagasaki (not in Osaka City Zone) between Tsukamoto and Kashima, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, if not terminating the journey at Amagasaki (Article 150, Section 2 of Standard).

Osaka and Shin-Osaka Stations

Fare calculation: The basic fare between Osaka or Shin-Osaka station and stations located beyond Himeji station (to the direction of Agaho on San'yo line,  Kyoguchi on Bantan line or Harima-Takaoka on Kishin line) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Osaka station only in case the route is via Himeji station (Article 88). The valid term of the ticket is based on the operating km of the route from or to Osaka which is used for the fare calculation (Article 154, Section 2).

Kitashinchi Station

Fare calculation: The basic fare between Kitashinchi station and stations located beyond Amagasaki station (to the direction of Tachibana on Tokaido line or Tsukaguchi on Fukuchiyama line) is calculated using operating km or fare calculation km from or to Osaka station only in case the route is via Amagasaki station (Article 89).

Daitoshi Kinko Kukan (Tokyo, Osaka or Fukuoka Suburban Area)

Stopover limitation: A holder of an Ordinary Ticket whose journey is completed within the respective areas shown in the maps below may not make a stopover at stations in the area (Article 156).

Sentaku-Josha 選択乗車 (Taking an alternative route): A holder of an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket whose journey is completed within the respective area shown in the maps below may take an alternative route other than the route indicated on the ticket (Article 157, Section 2).

This is a rule for the validity of the ticket allowing a passenger to take an alternative route in the area, and is not a rule for fare calculation based on the shortest route available in the area as in the case of Tokyo Loop Zone. However, it virtually turns to a rule to charge the lowest fare between the starting and terminating stations within the area, as the use of IC card ticket is growing.
 

Tokyo Suburban Area

Note: All Shinkansen lines are not included in Tokyo Suburban Area.
Osaka Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Shin-Osaka and Nishi-Akashi is not included in Osaka Suburban Area.
Fukuoka Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Kokura and Hakata is not included in Fukuoka Suburban Area.
Niigata Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Shin-Osaka and Nishi-Akashi is not included in Niigata Suburban Area.
Sendai Suburban Area

Note: Shinkansen between Koriyama and Ichinoseki is not included in Sendai Suburban Area, as well as using limited express trains between Fukushima and Shinjo.

Sentaku-Josha Kukan 選択乗車区間 (Section for Alternative Route)

A passenger who travels through the sections shown in the maps below using an Ordinary Ticket or a Multiple Ticket may take an alternative route irrespective of the route designated on the ticket (Article 157).

For example, a passenger who travels in Section 1 below between a station beyond Sendai (the solid lines) and a station beyond Ichinoseki (the double lines) may use Tohoku line via Kogota (the solid line) even if his ticket indicates as the route Tohoku Shinkansen via Furukawa (the dotted line) or vice versa. In case of Section 3, a passenger holding a ticket from a station beyond Ichinoseki and to a station beyond Mizusawa may use Tohoku Shinkansen to Mizusawa-Esashi and they continue the journey from Mizusawa.
 
(1) Sendai = Ichinoseki
(2) Kitakami = Morioka
(3) Ichinoseki = Mizusawa or Mizusawa-Esashi
(4) Mizusawa or Mizusawa-Esashi = Kitakami
(5) Sendai = Ichinoseki
(6) Sendai = Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta
(7) Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta = Ichinoseki
(8) Kogota = Kurikoma-kogen or Nitta
(9) Fukushima = Sendai
(10) Fukushima = Shiroishi or Shiroishi-Zao
(11) Shiroishi or Shiroishi-Zao = Sendai
(12) Nagaoka = Niigata
(13) Takasaki = Echigo-Yuzawa
(14) Jomo-kogen or Gokan = Echigo-Yuzawa
(15) Takasaki = Jomo-kogen or Gokan
(16) Kumagaya = Takasaki
(17) Kumagaya = Honjo-Waseda or Honjo
(18) Honjo-Waseda or Honjo = Takasaki
(19*) Odawara = Between Shin-Yokohama and Yokohama
(20) Odawara = Shinagawa
(21) Odawara = Higashi-Kanagawa
(22*) Shiojiri = Tatsuno
(23) Fuji or Shin-Fuji = Mishima
(24) Shizuoka = Fuji or Shin-Fuji
(25) Shizuoka = Mishima
(26**) Gifu or Gifu-Hajima = Nagoya
(27) Maibara = Gifu or Gifu-Hajima
(28) Maibara = Nagoya
(29*) Nishi-Akashi = Osaka
(30) Nishi-Akashi = Shin-Osaka
(31) Shin-Kobe or Kobe = Shin-Osaka
(32) Nishi-Akashi = Shin-Kobe or Kobe
(33) Higashi-Okayama = Aioi
(34) Iyo-Ozu = Mukaibara
(35) Shin-Onomichi or Onomichi = Fukuyama
(36) Mihara = Shin-Onomichi or Onomichi
(37) Mihara = Fukuyama
(38) Higashi-Hiroshima or Saijo = Mihara
(39) Hiroshima = Higashi-Hiroshima or Saijo
(40) Hiroshima = Mihara
(41) Shin-Iwakuni or Iwakuni = Hiroshima
(42) Tokuyama = Shin-Iwakuni or Iwakuni
(43) Tokuyama = Hiroshima
(44) Asa = Ino
(45) Ube = Shin-Yamaguchi
(46) Hakata = Shin-Tosu or Tosu
(47) Kurume = Shin-Tosu or Tosu
(48) Hakata = Kurume
(49) Chikugo-Funagoya = Kumamoto
(50) Chikugo-Funagoya = Shin-Omuta or Omuta
(51) Chikugo-Funagoya = Shin-Tamana or Tamana
(52) Omuta = Tamana or Shin-Omuta = Shin-Tamana
(53) Kumamoto = Shin-Omuta or Omuta
(54) Kumamoto = Shin-Tamana or Tamana
(55) Urakami = Kikitsu
(56*) Between Nishi-Urakami and Nagayo = Kikitsu
(57*) Urakami = Between Honkawachi and Higashisono
* Stopovers are not allowed in case of taking an alternate route not designated in the ticket.
** The Alternae route cannot be chosen for a ticket between Nagoya, Otobashi or Kanayama and Gifu or Gifu-Hajima.

Tokutei-Ressha 特定列車(Fare Calculation for Specific Trains)

In case of passing the route shown in the table below by an Express Train, the Basic Fare, Express Supplemental Charge and Green Car Supplemental Charge are calculated according to the operating km of the shorter route (Article 110 of Standard).
 
Route passed by Express Train Shorter Route applicable to Fare Calculation Trains
Akabane to Ikebukuro by Tohoku and Yamanote lines Akabane line Narita Express. Also applicable to local or rapid trains such as Shonan-Shinjuku line
Yoyogi to Kinshicho by Yamanote, Tokaido (Shinagawa = Tokyo) and Sobu (Tokyo = Kinshicho) lines Chuo and Sobu (Ochanomizu = Kinshicho) Narita Express
Amagasaki to Wadayama by Tokaido, San'yo and Bantan lines Fukuchiyama and San'in lines Hamakaze

Blanching Stations (Riding a train on non-ticketed route)

Tokutei Bunki Kukan 特定分岐区間 (Special branched section): A holder of ticket for a journey between the stations on the dotted lines shown in the respective maps below may ride on a train on the route shown as the bold line, without paying an additional fare, unless he or she makes a stopover at stations on the non-ticketed route (Article 150 of Standard).
(1) Nippori = Tokyo
(2) Nippori = Ueno
(3) Shinagawa = Osaki
(4) Tsurumi = Yokohama
(5) Musashi-Shiraishi = Anzen
(6) Imamiya = Shin-Imamiya
(7) Utadu = Sakaide
(8) Orio = Kurosaki

Bunki-eki Tsuka Ressha 分岐駅通過列車(Train passing the blanching station ): A passenger who travels from or to a line blanched off at the station on the left in the list below and uses an express train that does not stop at such station may ride on a train between the respective two stations, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, unless he or she makes a stopover on the route (Article 151 of Standard).

Higashi-Kushiro = Kushiro Higashi-Kanagawa = Yokohama Utadu = Marugame
Shin-Asahigawa = Asahigawa Kanda = Tokyo Tadotsu = Marugame
Shiroishi = Sapporo Yoyogi = Shinjuku Ikeya = Shozui
Soen = Sapporo Shiojiri = Matsumoto Sako = Tokushima
Numanohata = Tomakomai Kanayama = Nagoya Tsukuda = Awa-Ikeda
Goryokaku = Hakodate Tsubata = Kanazawa Mukaibara = Iyo-shi
Nakaoguni = Kanita Echzen-Hanando = Fukui Kita-Uwajima = Uwajima
Kawabe = Hirosaki Omi-Shiotsu = Tsuruga Kaidaichi = Hiroshima *
Oiwake = Akita Yamashina = Kyoto Yokogawa = Hiroshima
Uzen-Chitose = Yamagata Shin-Osaka = Osaka Hatabu = Shimonoseki
Kita-Yamagata = Yamagata Osaka = Shin-Osaka Nishi-Kokura = Kokura
Asaka-Nagamori = Koriyama Amagasaki = Osaka Yoshiduka = Hakata
Amarume = Sakata Kubota = Saga Miyauchi = Nagaoka
Higashi-Okayama = Okayama Jono = Kokura Hoshakuji = Utsunomiya
Kurashiki = Okayama Yoake = Hida Shin-Maebashi = Takasaki
Uto = Kumamoto Kuragano = Takasaki Bicchu-Kojiro = Niimi
Tayoshi = Minami-Miyazaki Hoki-Daisen = Yonago
* incl. in case of use of Shinkansen between Hiroshima and a station beyond Mihara

Orikaeshi Ressha 折返し列車(Train duplicating the route): A passenger who rides an express train which duplicates the route shown in the list below may ride on a train between the respective two stations, without paying an additional fare for the non-ticketed route, unless he or she makes a stopover on the route (Article 152 of Standard).

Sapporo = Shiroishi Miyauchi = Nagaoka Hatabu = Shimonoseki
Hakodate = Goryokaku Nishi-Kokura = Kokura


Express Ticket

Type of Express Ticket

Article 57 of the Rule provides the types of Express Ticket; four types of Tokubetsu Kyuko-ken 特別急行券 (Limited Express Ticket) and Futsu Kyuko-ken 普通急行券 (Ordinary Express Ticket) [1].
 
Type of Ticket Conditions to sell
Shitei-seki Tokkyu-ken 指定席特急券 (Reserved Seat Ticket) Sold for use of reserved seat or berth of a Limited Express Train
Tachiseki Tokkyu-ken 立席特急券 (Standing Seat Ticket) Sold without seat reservation for ordinary cars (including a B-type berth used as a seat) of a Limited Express Train of which all seats are reserved
Jiyu-seki Tokkyu-ken 自由席特急券 (Non-reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket) Sold for a non-reserved seat (including a B-type berth used as a seat) of a Limited Express Train
Tokutei Tokkyu-ken 特定特急券 (Special Limited Express Ticket) Sold at a reduced price without seat reservation on a designated train or for a deignated section as shown below
Futsu Kyuko-ken 普通急行券 (Ordinary Express Ticket) Sold for use of a seat or a berth of an Ordinary Express Train

Tokutei Tokkyu-ken: Tokutei Tokkyu-ken is sold at reduced price without seat reservation for the trains and sections shown below.

Line Sections
Shinkansen Between two adjacent stations (except Kyushu Shinkansen between Shin-Yatsushiro and Sendai) and the following sections:
Tokyo = Shin-Yokohama, Mishima = Shizuoka, Shizuoka = Hamamatsu, Toyohashi = Nagoya, Fukuyama = Mihara, Mihara = Hiroshima, Shin-Yamaguchi = Shin-Shimonoseki, Tokyo = Omiya, Furukawa = Ichinoseki, Ichinoseki = Kitakami, Kitakami = Morioka, Kumagaya = Takasaki, Hakata = Kurume
Between a Shinkansen station from Tokyo to Shin-Shimonoseki and Shin-Tosu or Kurume
Between Kokura and a Shinkansen station from Chikugo-Funagoya to Kagoshima-Chuo
Kokura = Shin-Tosu and Kokura = Kurume
On-board "Nozomi" or "Mizuho" except between two stations from Hakata to Kagoshima-Chuo
Between two stations from Morioka to Shin-Aomori
Zairaisen Between two stations from Tottori to Izumo-shi (except sections <=100km)
Between two stations from Yonago to Masuda (except sections <=100km)
Between two stations from Morioka to Akita (via Tazawako and Ou lines)

Conditions Applied

Express Ticket is sold for each Limited Express or Ordinary Express train on board. However, transfer between two or more express trains at the following stations without going out of the station (in case of Shinkansen, without going out of Shinkansen platforms) is regarded boarding one train and an Express Charge is calculated for the entire journey.

Noritsugi Waribiki 乗継割引 (Connection Discount) The Connection Discount is applied for the following connections of Express trains on the same or next day (only the same day for the connection from Shinkansen to Zairaisen).
ConnectionConnecting StationDiscount applied
Between Shinkanse and Zairaisen Express trainsAll Tokaido/San'yo Shinkanse stations between Shin-Yokohama and Shin-Shimonoseki and Osaka, Sakaide/Takamatsu a
Tohoku Shinkanse Shin-Aomori or Aomori b
Joetsu Shinkansen Nagaoka and Niigata
Hokuriku Shinkansen Nagano, Naoethsu c, Kanazawa and Tsubata d
Zairaisen Express Ticket for half the charge
Between Ou line and Tsugaru/Kaikyo line Express trainsShin-Aomori or AomoriTsugaru/Kaikyo line Express Ticket for half the charge
Between Tsugaru/Kaikyo line and Hakodate line Express trains eHakodate or GoryokakuHakodate line Express Ticket for half the charge
Between "Sunrise Seto" and Limited Express trains of JR ShikokuSakaide or TakamatsuJR Shikoku Express Ticket for half the charge
Connection to/from Shinkansen at Okayama station
b Connection to/from Shinkansen at Shin-Aomori station. Except connection to/from Limited Express sleeper trains or to/from Ou line trains at Aomori or Shin-Aomori
c Connection to/from Shinkansen at Joetsu-Myoko station through Express trains via Echigo Tokimeki Railways
d Connection to/from Shinkansen at Kanazawa station through Express trains via IR Ishikawa Railways
e Applied in addition to Connection Discount to/from Tohoku Shinkansen at Shin-Aomori or Aomori (No discount is applied to the connection between Ou line and Tsugaru/Kaikyo lines)

Seasonal Charge: Charge for Reserved Seat Limited Express Ticket depends (with some exceptions) on the season of the year; Hanbo-ki (繁忙期) or Peak Season, Tsujo-ki (通常期) or Regular Season and Kansan-ki (閑散期) or Off Season. The Charges are 200 yen more for Peak Season and 200 yen less for Off Season than those of Regular Season.

Season JRE/JRC/JRW/JRS JR Hokkaido JR Kyushu
Peak Season March 21 - April 5, April 28 - May 6, July 21 - August 31, December 25 - January 10 July 20 - August 20, December 23 - February 28 (29) -
Regular Season Other than Peak Season or Off Season Other than Peak Season or Off Season Other than Off Season
Off Season Mondays, Tusedays, Wednesdays and Thursdays during January 16 - 31, February, June, September, November and December 1 - 20 (Except Holidays and a day prior to Holidays) Weekdays during April 1 - 28, May 6 - 30, June, October and November (Except Holidays) January 16 - February 28 (29), June 1 - July 19, September, November 1 - December 20 (Not applicable to Kyushu Shinkansen and special seats of "Aso Boy")

Express Charge

Article 125 of the rule provides the charge for Express Trains. Tables of Express Fare summarizes complocated provisions of Article and shows Regular Season Reserved Seat Fare for Shinkansen [1] and Zairaisen. Limited Express Charges for non-reserved seats, Green Cars and Berth Cars are 520 yen less than the figures shown (510 yen less for JR Kyushu Zairaisen).

Shinkansen: Charge for Shinkansen Reserved Seat Ticket is determined for the departing and arriving stations for each of the lines and the type of trains, while it is roughly based on the Eigyō-kilo travelled. Express Fare of Tokaido/San'yo Shinkansen and Kyushu Shinkansen is separately calculateda for the respective section even if "MIzuho" or "Sakura" runs through the both San'yo and Kyushu Shinkansen.

Zairaisen: Express Charge is determined according to the Eigyō-kilo travelled for the category A and Category B, with many exceptions such as Tokutei Tokkyu Ryokin. Category B is different for each JR Company. Category B lines are shown in the chart below.

Note:
[1]  Ordinary Express trains had been predominant before Limited Express trains became popular in 1960's. Devided into Limited Express and rapid trains, regular service of Ordinary Express is limited to "Hamanasu", a night train between Aomori and Sapporo.
[2]  "Yamagata Shinkansen" and "Akita Shinkansen" is not a Shinkansen.

Connecting Train Discount


Revision History
First release: September 13, 2003
Last update: May 3, 2015
Copyright 2003 - 15
Desktoptetsu All rights reserved

Return to English Top Page